Dental veneers (sometimes called porcelain veneers or dental porcelain laminates) are wafer-thin, custom-made shells of tooth colored materials designed to cover the front surface of teeth to improve your appearance. These shells are bonded to the front of the teeth changing their color, shape, size, or length.
Dental veneers can be made from porcelain or from resin composite materials. Porcelain veneers resist stains better than resin veneers and better mimic the light reflecting properties of natural teeth. You will need to discuss the best choice of veneer material for you with your dentist.
These crowns are fabricated using either porcelain, or more likely, some type of "engineered" dental ceramic. Some of these materials are known for their superior aesthetics, others for their strength (unfortunately none share both qualities).
The type of all-ceramics that are best able to mimic the lustrous, characterized look of natural teeth are those where their construction allows for placing different types of porcelains (each having a slightly different shade or translucency) in different regions of the crown.
Zirconia crowns are made up of zirconium oxide or zirconia. Zirconia is a white powdered metal which has the ability to be radiopaque in the X-rays. Also, the tooth colour is whiter than other crown treatment options. Here some of the plus points of the zirconia crowns which makes them stand ahead from the regular and traditional crowns.
Composite materials used in crowns make them more durable than some other types of cosmetic dental crowns. This makes composite crowns ideal for placement on the back teeth, which do plenty of grinding during normal use. Unlike the gold crowns often used on back teeth, composite crowns will blend in when you’re laughing, smiling, or talking with your friends. They also prevent the silver metal margin that is visible on some types of cosmetic crowns. At Smile by Design, we use only the highest quality of composite crowns, and specially design them to fit right in with your other teeth, so that they feel as if they’re not even there.
Teeth whitening options use peroxide-based bleaching agents. At-home systems contain from 3% to 20% peroxide (carbamide or hydrogen peroxides). In-office systems contain from 15% to 43% peroxide.
Generally, the longer you keep a stronger solution on your teeth, the whiter your teeth become. However, the higher the percentage of peroxide in the whitening solution, the shorter it should be applied to the teeth. Keeping the gel on longer will dehydrate the tooth and increase tooth sensitivity.
Some extractions can be done without making any incisions or using special techniques. This is called a simple extraction, and it may be performed by a general or family dentist or an OMS. Patients in need of a more complicated tooth extraction are most likely to be referred to an OMS. When a tooth is broken or decayed, there may not be enough tooth above the gumline, or it may be too fragile to remove intact. The tooth’s shape, size and position also affect whether it is removed with a simple or more involved extraction.
• Wisdom tooth extraction is a surgical procedure to remove one or more wisdom teeth — the four permanent adult teeth located at the back corners of your mouth on the top and bottom.
• If a wisdom tooth doesn't have room to grow (impacted wisdom tooth), resulting in pain, infection or other dental problems, you'll likely need to have it pulled. Wisdom tooth extraction may be done by a dentist or an oral surgeon.
• To prevent potential future problems, some dentists and oral surgeons recommend wisdom tooth extraction even if impacted teeth aren't currently causing problems.
If you have develop the gum diseases then you need to go through gum surgeries. The most common cause of gum disease is when excessive bacteria builds up in your mouth and creates excess plaque and your body is unable to fight the infection. Certain factors, however, including medications and chronic illnesses, can make someone more susceptible to gum disease even if he or she follows a thorough oral care routine.
Oral cancer appears as a growth or sore in the mouth that does not go away. Oral cancer, which includes cancers of the lips, tongue, cheeks, floor of the mouth, hard and soft palate, sinuses, and pharynx (throat), can be life threatening if not diagnosed and treated early.
• What are Dental Implants?
Dental implants are metal posts or frames that are surgically positioned into the jawbone beneath your gums. Once in place, they allow your dentist to mount replacement teeth onto them.
• How do Dental Implants Work?
Because implants fuse to your jawbone, they provide stable support for artificial teeth. Dentures and bridges mounted to implants won't slip or shift in your mouth, an especially important benefit when eating and speaking. This secure fit helps the dentures and bridges, as well as individual crowns placed over implants feel more natural than conventional bridges or dentures.
For some people, ordinary bridges and dentures are simply not comfortable or even possible, due to sore spots, poor ridges or gagging. In addition, ordinary bridges must be attached to teeth on either side of the space left by the missing tooth. An advantage of implants is that no adjacent teeth need to be prepared or ground down to hold your new replacement tooth/teeth in place.
Dental bridges literally bridge the gap created by one or more missing teeth.
A bridge is made up of two or more crowns for the teeth on either side of the gap these two or more anchoring teeth are called abutment teeth and a false tooth/teeth in between. These false teeth are called pontics and can be made from gold, alloys, porcelain, or a combination of these materials. Dental bridges are supported by natural teeth or implants.
A dental crown is a tooth-shaped "cap" that is placed over a tooth to cover the tooth to restore its shape and size, strength, and improve its appearance.
The crowns, when cemented into place, fully encase the entire visible portion of a tooth that lies at and above the gum line.
A dental crown may be needed in the following situations:
1. To protect a weak tooth (for instance, from decay) from breaking or to hold together parts of a cracked tooth
2. To restore an already broken tooth or a tooth that has been severely worn down
3. To cover and support a tooth with a large filling when there isn't a lot of tooth left
A removable partial denture or bridge usually consists of replacement teeth attached to a pink or gum-colored plastic base, which is sometimes connected by metal framework that holds the denture in place in the mouth. Partial dentures are used when one or more natural teeth remain in the upper or lower jaw. A fixed bridge replaces one or more teeth by placing crowns on the teeth on either side of the space and attaching artificial teeth to them. This "bridge" is then cemented into place. Not only does a partial denture fill in the spaces created by missing teeth, it prevents other teeth from changing position. A precision partial denture is removable and has internal attachments rather than clasps that attach to the adjacent crowns. This is a more natural-looking appliance.
Complete dentures can be either "conventional" or "immediate." Made after the teeth have been removed and the gum tissue has begun to heal, a conventional denture is ready for placement in the mouth about eight to 12 weeks after the teeth have been removed.
Unlike conventional dentures, immediate dentures are made in advance and can be positioned as soon as the teeth are removed. As a result, the wearer does not have to be without teeth during the healing period. However, bones and gums shrink over time, especially during the healing period following tooth removal. Therefore a disadvantage of immediate dentures compared with conventional dentures is that they require more adjustments to fit properly during the healing process and generally should only be considered a temporary solution until conventional dentures can be made.
An implant-supported denture is a type of overdenture that is supported by and attached to implants. A regular denture rests on the gums, and is not supported by implants.
An implant-supported denture is used when a person doesn't have any teeth in the jaw, but has enough bone in the jaw to support implants. An implant-supported denture has special attachments that snap onto attachments on the implants.
Implant-supported dentures usually are made for the lower jaw because regular dentures tend to be less stable there. Usually, a regular denture made to fit an upper jaw is quite stable on its own and doesn't need the extra support offered by implants. However, you can receive an implant-supported denture in either the upper or lower jaw.
You should remove an implant-supported denture daily to clean the denture and gum area. Just as with regular dentures, you should not sleep with the implant-supported dentures at night. Some people prefer to have fixed (permanent) crown and bridgework in their mouths that can't be removed. Your dentist will consider your particular needs and preferences when suggesting fixed or removable options.
Whenever one of your teeth has become damaged due to decay or injury, the structure needs to be repaired in order to restore it both functionally and aesthetically.
Rather than using various metals (including mercury), tooth-colored fillings utilize a composite resin to repair the teeth. This is composed of a plastic mixture held together by microscopic glass particles. Tooth-colored fillings have a number of benefits over traditional amalgam fillings. Firstly, as the name implies, tooth-colored fillings are specially colored to match the rest of your smile. This means that your tooth will look natural and attractive once we have restored it as opposed to being tarnished with unsightly amalgam fillings. Tooth-colored fillings can repair your teeth better as well. Amalgam fillings do not actually bond to your tooth enamel.
Amalgam (silver) fillings are resistant to wear and relatively inexpensive. However, due to their dark color, they are more noticeable than porcelain or composite restorations and are not usually used in very visible areas, such as front teeth.
Dental amalgam is made from a combination of metals that include mercury, silver, tin, and copper. Sometimes described as “silver-colored” fillings, dental amalgam has been used by dentists for more than 100 years because it lasts a long time and is less expensive than other cavity-filling materials such as tooth-colored composites or gold fillings.
Rotary sitting: Several canal preparation techniques involving the use of rotary instruments have become popular. Such engine-driven rotary instruments rotate between 150 and 2000 r.p.m. and may be high or low torque orientated. Basically, the technique involves preparing the coronal portion of the root canal using Gates-Glidden burs and the ProFile instruments. Only when any constricting coronal parts of the canals have been removed is the working length established using conventional files. Finally, the apical part of the canal is prepared using only the ProFile instruments.
single sitting: A Single-sitting Root Canal Treatment is performed in less than an hour using advanced Endodontic technology incorporating latest rotary equipment, apex locators, surgical operating microscope, digital radiography and LASERs. To ensure high degree of clinical success, patients have to be thoroughly examined and appraised of clinical situation by the dentist who can accordingly advise you for a single visit root canal treatment.
Braces and aligners specialise in improving the appearance, position and function of crooked teeth, abnormally arranged teeth and also improper positioning of teeth when the mouth is closed, which results in an improper bite.
Braces can be the treatment of choice if you have -
a) Crooked or crowded teeth
b) Gaps between teeth
c) Protruding upper front teeth.
d) Asymmetry – When the centre lines of the upper and lower teeth do not line up.
e) Deep / Reverse / open bite.
f) Speech problems – Teeth that are crooked or poorly aligned can sometimes cause speech problems.
g) Unexplained headaches.
Ceramic (white braces)
Thumb Sucking:Nail biting is a stress removing habit adopted by many children and adults. People usually do it when they are nervous, stressed, hungry, or bored. It is a habit that is not easy to quit, but there are certain method to do so are as follows:
Replace bad with good (or at least neutral).
• Chewing gum.
• Putting your hands in your pockets.
• Twiddling your thumbs.
• Clasping your hands together.
• Eating a carrot.
Teeth cleaning (also known as prophylaxis, literally a preventive treatment of a disease) is a procedure for the removal of tartar (mineralized plaque) that may develop even with careful brushing and flossing, especially in areas that are difficult to reach in routine toothbrushing.
Teeth cleaning is part of oral hygiene and involves the removal of dental plaque from teeth with the intention of preventing cavities (dental caries), gingivitis, and periodontal disease. People routinely clean their own teeth by brushing and interdental cleaning, and dental hygienists can remove hardened deposits (tartar) not removed by routine cleaning. Those with dentures and natural teeth may supplement their cleaning with a denture cleaner.
Pit and fissure sealants have been used for nearly 5 decades to prevent and control carious lesions on primary and permanent teeth. Sealants are still underused despite their documented effiacy and the availability of clinical practice guidelines. New sealant materials and techniques continue to emerge for man-aging pit-and-fissure caries, further complicating the clinician’s decision making. Accordingly, continuous critical review of the available evidence is necessary to update evidence-based recommendations and assist health care providers in clinical decision making.
Fluoride is a natural mineral that builds strong teeth and prevents cavities. It’s been an essential oral health treatment for decades. Fluoride supports healthy tooth enamel and fights the bacteria that harm teeth and gums. Tooth enamel is the outer protective layer of each tooth.
Fluoride is especially helpful if you’re at high risk of developing dental caries, or cavities. Cavities occur when bacteria build up on teeth and gums and form a sticky layer of plaque. Plaque produces an acid that erodes teeth and gum tissue. If the plaque breaks down the enamel layer, bacteria can infect and harm the nerves and blood at the core of the tooth.
Tobacco control interventions can be grouped into two categories: demand-side and supply-side interventions. Demand-side interventions such as price increases, advertising and promotion bans, and smoking restrictions are effective at reducing tobacco-attributable mortality and morbidity. While interventions to reduce demand for tobacco are likely to succeed, measures to reduce tobacco supply are less promising. A notable exception, however, is smuggling controls, which are an essential complement to demand-side interventions, preventing international smugglers from circumventing tobacco price increases.